The rectangular prism is a three-dimensional figure composed of $6$ rectangles.

The rectangular prism is a three-dimensional figure composed of $6$ rectangles.

**Every rectangular prism has:**

$6$ faces -> rectangles that make up the rectangular prism.

$12$ edges -> (in length, width, and height).

$8$ vertices -> the corners where the edges meet.

How many diagonals identical to the dotted diagonal in the diagram are there in the rectangular prism?

Rectangular prism! What a magnificent figure!

In this article, we will learn about the rectangular prism and its parts.

A rectangular prism can look like this:

- like this:

- even like this:

As long as it is a three-dimensional figure composed of $6$ rectangles, it will be a rectangular prism.

In the case that all the rectangles are equivalent, that is, length = width = height, we would be talking about a cube.

Test your knowledge

Question 1

Look at the cuboid in the figure.

Which of the following is an edge of the given cuboid?

Question 2

Look at the dotted diagonal in the figure below.

Which diagonals of the rectangular prism are equal?

Question 3

The number of edges in the cuboid is:

Now let's see what parts make up a rectangular prism

The rectangles that make up the rectangular prism are called faces,

therefore, the rectangular prism has $6$ faces:

Do you know what the answer is?

Question 1

The number of faces in the cuboid is:

Question 2

The number of vertices in the cuboid is:

Question 3

The quadrilateral of the cuboid is:

The rectangular prism has $12$ edges or sides.

Let's see them painted orange in the illustration:

The rectangular prism has length, width, and height.

The width edge is identical to all the other width edges of the rectangular prism, there are $4$ like it.

The length edge is identical to all the other length edges of the rectangular prism, there are $4$ like it.

The height edge is identical to all the other height edges of the rectangular prism, there are $4$ like it.

Let's see what it's about in the illustration:

**Height:** marked in yellow**Width:** marked in red**Height:** marked in purple (violet)

**Note**: when it comes to a cube, the length is = to the width, which is also = to the height.

The vertices are those that join the edges of the rectangular prism.

Each rectangular prism has $8$ vertices.

Let's see them painted red in the illustration:

Check your understanding

Question 1

The volume of the cuboid is es:

Question 2

Which is the longest line indicated in the diagram?

Question 3

Which of the line segments is the diagonal of the rectangular prism?

The diagonals that go from one vertex to another on the same face are called external diagonals.

The $2$ vertices must belong to the same face.

Let's see an example in the illustration:

The diagonals that go from one vertex to another vertex of a different face are called the diagonals of the orthohedron or internal diagonals.

The $2$ vertices are not on the same face.

Let's see an example in the illustration:

**Exercise:**

How many vertices are there in the rectangular prism?

**Answer:**

$8$ vertices.

How many faces are there in the rectangular prism?**Answer:**

$6$ faces.

How many edges are there in the rectangular prism?

A. $6$

B. $12$

C. $14$

D. $8$

**Answer:** B. $12$ edges.

Look at the dotted diagonal in the figure below.

Which diagonals of the rectangular prism are equal?

Let's look at the face AEHD

In it, there is another diagonal equal to ED, which is AH

Let's look at the face BFGC which is identical and equal to AEHD, in which there are two diagonals that are also equal to ED:

$FC=BG=ED$

$AH,BG,FC$

The number of edges in the cuboid is:

"Edges" is the name of the box's sides. Since a box is a three-dimensional shape, we call these parts edges.

A box has 12 edges:

$12$

$4$

Look at the cuboid in the figure.

Which of the following is an edge of the given cuboid?

EF

The number of faces in the cuboid is:

$6$

Do you think you will be able to solve it?

Question 1

Which of the shapes has a dotted diagonal equal in length to the dotted diagonal shown below?

Question 2

Choose the dimensions that represent an orthohedron with a square base.

Question 3

Choose the dimensions that represent an orthohedron with a square base.