The distributive property allows us to remove parentheses and simplify an expression, even if there is more than one set of parentheses.

In order to get rid of of the parentheses, we will multiply each term of the first parentheses by each term of the second parentheses, paying special attention to the addition/ subtraction signs.

For example:

$(5+8)\times (7+2)$

Using the distributive property, we can simplify the expression.

All we need to do is to multiply each of the terms in the first parentheses by each of the terms in the second parentheses:

$(5+8)\times (7+2) =$

$5\times 7+5\times 2+8\times 7+8\times 2 =$

$35+10+56+16 =$

$117$

Basic distributive property

Let's take a moment to remember our basic distributive property.

Below we can see the formula:

$a\times(b+c)=ab+ac$

Here, we have multiplied $a$ by each of the terms inside the parentheses, keeping the same order.

Extended distributive property

Now we will apply the same concept in the extended distributive property. This allows us to solve exercises with two sets of parentheses.

For example: $(a+b)\times(c+d)=ac+ad+bc+bd$

How does the extended distributive property work?

Step 1: Multiply the first term in the first parentheses by each of the terms in the second parentheses.

Step 2: Multiply the second term in the first parentheses by each of the terms in the second parentheses.

Step 3: Associate like terms.

Example 1

Step 1: Multiply $A$ by each of the terms included in the second parentheses.

Step 2: Multiply $2$ by each of the terms included in the second parentheses.

Step 3: Order the terms and combine like terms, if any:

Join Over 30,000 Students Excelling in Math!

Endless Practice, Expert Guidance - Elevate Your Math Skills Today

What is the distributive property of multiplication?

The distributive property of multiplication is a rule in mathematics that says that multiplying the sum of two (or more) numbers is the same as multiplying the numbers separately and adding/ subtracting them together.

Distributive property of multiplication over addition:

$a\times\left(b+c\right)=a\times b+a\times c$

Distributive property of multiplication over subtraction:

$a\times\left(b-c\right)=a\times b-a\times c$

What is the distributive property of division?

Just as in the distributive property of multiplication, the distributive property of division (also over addition or subtraction) helps us to simplify an expression.

Examples with solutions for Extended Distributive Property

Exercise #1

$(a+b)(c+d)=$

Video Solution

Step-by-Step Solution

Let's simplify the given expression, open the parentheses using the distributive property:

$(\textcolor{red}{a}+\textcolor{blue}{b})(c+d)=\textcolor{red}{a}c+\textcolor{red}{a}d+\textcolor{blue}{b}c+\textcolor{blue}{b}d$Therefore, the correct answer is option A.

Answer

$\text{ac+ad}+bc+bd$

Exercise #2

$(a+4)(c+3)=$

Video Solution

Step-by-Step Solution

When we encounter a multiplication exercise of this type, we know that we must use the distributive property.

Step 1: Multiply the first factor of the first parentheses by each of the factors of the second parentheses.

Step 2: Multiply the second factor of the first parentheses by each of the factors of the second parentheses.

Step 3: Group like terms.

a * (c+3) =

a*c + a*3

4 * (c+3) =

4*c + 4*3

ac+3a+4c+12

There are no like terms to simplify here, so this is the solution!

Answer

$ac+3a+4c+12$

Exercise #3

It is possible to use the distributive property to simplify the expression?

If so, what is its simplest form?

$(a+c)(4+c)$

Video Solution

Step-by-Step Solution

We simplify the given expression by opening the parentheses using the extended distributive property:

$(\textcolor{red}{x}+\textcolor{blue}{y})(t+d)=\textcolor{red}{x}t+\textcolor{red}{x}d+\textcolor{blue}{y}t+\textcolor{blue}{y}d$Keep in mind that in the distributive property formula mentioned above, we assume that the operation between the terms inside the parentheses is an addition operation, therefore, of course, we will not forget that the sign of the term's coefficient is ery important.

We will also apply the rules of multiplication of signs, so we can present any expression within parentheses that's opened with the distributive property as an expression with addition between all the terms.

In this expression we only have addition signs in parentheses, therefore we go directly to opening the parentheses,

We start by opening the parentheses:

$(\textcolor{red}{x}+\textcolor{blue}{c})(4+c)\\
\textcolor{red}{x}\cdot 4+\textcolor{red}{x}\cdot c+\textcolor{blue}{c}\cdot 4+\textcolor{blue}{c} \cdot c\\
4x+xc+4c+c^2$To simplify this expression, we use the power law for multiplication between terms with identical bases:

$a^m\cdot a^n=a^{m+n}$

In the next step like terms come into play.

We define like terms as terms in which the variables (in this case, x and c) have identical powers (in the absence of one of the variables from the expression, we will refer to its power as zero power, this is because raising any number to the power of zero results in 1).

We will also use the substitution property, and we will order the expression from the highest to the lowest power from left to right (we will refer to the regular integer as the power of zero),

Keep in mind that in this new expression there are four different terms, this is because there is not even one pair of terms in which the variables (different) have the same power. Also it is already ordered by power, therefore the expression we have is the final and most simplified expression:$\textcolor{purple}{4x}\textcolor{green}{+xc}\textcolor{black}{+4c}\textcolor{orange}{+c^2 }\\
\textcolor{orange}{c^2 }\textcolor{green}{+xc}\textcolor{purple}{+4x}\textcolor{black}{+4c}\\$We highlight the different terms using colors and, as emphasized before, we make sure that the main sign of the term is correct.

We use the substitution property for multiplication to note that the correct answer is option A.

Answer

Yes, the meaning is $4x+cx+4c+c^2$

Exercise #4

It is possible to use the distributive property to simplify the expression below?

What is its simplified form?

$(ab)(c d)$

Video Solution

Step-by-Step Solution

Let's remember the extended distributive property:

$(\textcolor{red}{a}+\textcolor{blue}{b})(c+d)=\textcolor{red}{a}c+\textcolor{red}{a}d+\textcolor{blue}{b}c+\textcolor{blue}{b}d$Note that the operation between the terms inside the parentheses is a multiplication operation:

$(a b)(c d)$Unlike in the extended distributive property previously mentioned, which is addition (or subtraction, which is actually the addition of the term with a minus sign),

Also, we notice that since there is a multiplication among all the terms, both inside the parentheses and between the parentheses, this is a simple multiplication and the parentheses are actually not necessary and can be remoed. We get:

$(a b)(c d)= \\
abcd$Therefore, opening the parentheses in the given expression using the extended distributive property is incorrect and produces an incorrect result.

Therefore, the correct answer is option d.

Answer

No, $abcd$.

Exercise #5

$(3+20)\times(12+4)=$

Video Solution

Step-by-Step Solution

Simplify this expression paying attention to the order of arithmetic operations. Exponentiation precedes multiplication whilst division precedes addition and subtraction. Parentheses precede all of the above.

Therefore, let's first start by simplifying the expressions within the parentheses. Then we can proceed to perform the multiplication between them:

$(3+20)\cdot(12+4)=\\
23\cdot16=\\
368$Therefore, the correct answer is option A.