Midsegment of a trapezoid

🏆Practice middle segment of a trapezoid

The midsegment of a trapezoid divides into two equal parts the two sides from which it extends and, in addition, is parallel to both bases of the trapezoid and measures half the length of these.
Let's see the properties of the midsegment of a trapezoid in the following illustration:

1- Let's see the properties of the midsegment in an illustration

If EFEF Midsegment
then:
AE=DEAE=DE
BF=CFBF=CF
ABEFDCAB∥EF∥DC
EF=AB+DC2EF=\frac{AB+DC}{2}


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Test yourself on middle segment of a trapezoid!

einstein

In which figure is the dotted line the midsegment in the trapezoid?

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Proof of the Midsegment of a Trapezoid

We can demonstrate that there is a midsegment in a trapezoid if at least one of the following conditions is met:

  1. If in a trapezoid there is a straight line that extends from the midpoint of one side to the midpoint of another side, we can determine that it is a midsegment and, therefore, it is parallel to both bases of the trapezoid and measures half the length of these.
  2. If in a trapezoid there is a straight line that comes out of one side and is parallel to one of the bases of the trapezoid, we can determine that it is a midsegment and, therefore, it is parallel to both bases of the trapezoid, measures half the length of these two and also cuts the second side it touches in half.

Let's look at an example

AE=DE

Data:

AE=DEAE=DE
ABEFAB‖EF

To prove:
BF=FCBF=FC

Solution:
According to the second rule of the theorem,
if in the trapezoid, a straight line EFEF comes out from the midpoint of one of the sides - we know that: AE=DEAE=DE
and is also parallel to one of the bases of the trapezoid – Given that: ABEFAB‖EF
we can determine that it is the mid-segment of the trapezoid.
Consequently, we can determine that it also cuts through the midpoint of the other side it touches.
That is to say:
BF=FCBF=FC


If you are interested in this article, you might also be interested in the following articles:

  • Midsegment
  • Midsegment of a triangle
  • Sum of the interior angles of a polygon
  • Angles in regular hexagons and octagons
  • Measure of an angle of a regular polygon
  • Sum of the exterior angles of a polygon
  • Relationships between angles and sides of a triangle
  • The relationship between the lengths of the sides of a triangle
  • Identification of an isosceles triangle
  • How is the area of a trapezoid calculated?
  • Symmetry in trapezoids
  • Diagonals of an isosceles trapezoid
  • How is the perimeter of a trapezoid calculated?
  • Characteristics and types of trapezoids

In the Tutorela blog, you will find a variety of articles on mathematics.


Examples and exercises with solutions of the mid-segment of a trapezoid

Exercise #1

In which figure is the dotted line the midsegment in the trapezoid?

Video Solution

Answer

Exercise #2

Given an isosceles trapezoid, is the dashed segment a middle segment of the trapezoid?

Video Solution

Answer

Not true

Exercise #3

Is the dashed segment the midsegment of the isosceles trapezoid below?

Video Solution

Answer

No

Exercise #4

In which figure is the dashed line the midsection of the trapezoid?

Video Solution

Answer

Exercise #5

Below is an isosceles trapezium.

EF is parallel to the base of the trapezium.

True or false: EF is the midsection of the trapezoid.

AAABBBDDDCCCEEEFFF

Video Solution

Answer

True

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