Quadratic Equations System - Algebraic and Graphical Solution

🏆Practice system of quadratic equations

Quadratic Equations System

In the system of quadratic equations, we must find the XX and YY that satisfy the first equation as well as the second. The system can have one solution, two solutions, or even none. The concept of the solution of the system of equations highlights the points of intersection of the function. At the same points we find - the functions intersect. If one solution is found - the functions intersect once. If two solutions are found - the functions intersect twice. If no solution is found - the functions never intersect.

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Test yourself on system of quadratic equations!

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Consider the following relationships between the variables x and y:

\( x^2+4=-6y \)

\( y^2+9=-4x \)

Which answer is correct?

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Algebraic solution

Method: Comparison between quadratic equations

When we have a system of quadratic equations and the YY is isolated in this way (with the same coefficient in both equations):
Y=ax2+bx+cY=ax^2+bx+c
Y=ax2+bx+cY=ax^2+bx+c

We will proceed in the following order:

  1. We will verify that the variable YY is written in the same way in both equations
  2. We will compare the equations 
  3. We will solve for the XXs
  4. We will gradually substitute XXs into one of the equations to solve for its YY
  5. We will neatly record the solutions we have found.

Attention - The other parameters do not necessarily have to be the same. Only the YY needs to be isolated in the same way in order to equate the equations.

Graphical solution

The solution of the system of quadratic equations represents the points of intersection of the parabolas. Therefore, we will be able to see the solution of the system of equations graphically as the points of intersection of the parabolas.

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If a solution is found - the functions intersect only once

1a- Graphic solution


If two solutions are found - the functions intersect twice

2a - If two solutions are found


Do you know what the answer is?

If no solution is found - the functions never intersect

3a - If no solution is found


Let's look at an example

y=5x22x+6y=5x^2-2x+6
y=5x22x+6y=-5x^2-2x+6

  1. Let's verify that the YY is really isolated in the same way.
  2. Let's compare the equations:
    5x22x+6=5x22x+65x^2-2x+6=-5x^2-2x+6
  3. Let's solve for XXs
    5x22x+6=5x22x+65x^2-2x+6=-5x^2-2x+6
    Let's transpose terms and we will get:
    10x2=010x^2=0
    x2=0x^2=0
    x=0x=0
  4. Let's find the YY by substituting the XX we found into one of the equations:
    y=5x22x+6y=5x^2-2x+6
    y=50220+6y=5*0^2-2*0+6
    y=6y=6
  5. Let's note the solution we found: (6,0)(6, 0)
    at this point the functions intersect and that is the solution to the system of equations.

If you are interested in this article, you may also be interested in the following articles:

The functions y=x²

Family of parabolas y=x²+c: Vertical shift

Family of parabolas y=(x-p)²

Family of parabolas y=(x-p)²+k (combination of horizontal and vertical shift)

Vertex form of the quadratic function

Factored form of the quadratic function

Completing the square in a quadratic equation

Standard form of the quadratic function

Solution of a system of equations when one is linear and the other quadratic

In the blog of Tutorela you will find a variety of articles about mathematics.


Examples and exercises with solutions of quadratic equation systems

Exercise #1

Consider the following relationships between the variables x and y:

x2+4=6y x^2+4=-6y

y2+9=4x y^2+9=-4x

Which answer is correct?

Video Solution

Answer

(x+2)2+(y+3)2=0 (x+2)^2+(y+3)^2=0

Exercise #2

Look at the rectangle in the figure.

x>0

The area of the rectangle is:

x213 x^2-13 .

Calculate x.

x-4x-4x-4x+1x+1x+1x²-13

Video Solution

Answer

x=3 x=3

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