Increasing Intervals of a function

🏆Practice increasing and decreasing intervals of a function

The increasing intervals of a function

An increasing interval of a function expresses the same values of X (the interval), in which the values of the function (Y) grow parallel to the growth of the values of X to the right.

In certain cases, the increasing interval begins at the minimum point, but it does not necessarily have to be this way.

Test yourself on increasing and decreasing intervals of a function!

In what domain does the function increase?

Examples and exercises with solutions of intervals of increasing functions

Exercise #1

Determine which domain corresponds to the function described below:

The function represents the amount of fuel in a car's tank according to the distance traveled by the car.

Step-by-Step Solution

According to the definition, the amount of fuel in the car's tank will always decrease, since during the trip the car consumes fuel in order to travel.

Therefore, the domain that is suitable for this function is - always decreasing.

Always decreasing

Exercise #2

Choose the graph that best represents the following:

Temperature of lukewarm water (Y) after placing in the freezer as a function of time (X).

Step-by-Step Solution

Since the freezing point of water is below 0, the temperature of the water must drop below 0.

The graph in answer B describes a decreasing function and therefore this is the correct answer.

Exercise #3

Choose the graph that best describes the following:

The acceleration of a ball (Y) after throwing it from a building as a function of time (X).

Step-by-Step Solution

Since acceleration is dependent on time, it will be constant.

The force of gravity on Earth is constant, meaning the velocity of Earth's gravity is constant and therefore the graph will be straight.

The graph that appears in answer B satisfies this.

Exercise #4

Determine whether the function is increasing, decreasing, or constant. For each function check your answers with a graph or table:

Each number is divided by $(-1)$.

Step-by-Step Solution

The function is:

$f(x)=\frac{x}{-1}$

Let's start by assuming that x equals 0:

$f(0)=\frac{0}{-1}=0$

Now let's assume that x equals 1:

$f(1)=\frac{1}{-1}=-1$

Now let's assume that x equals 2:

$f(-1)=\frac{-1}{-1}=1$

Let's plot all the points on the function graph:

We see that we got a decreasing function.

Decreasing

Exercise #5

Determine whether the function is increasing, decreasing, or constant. For each function check your answers with a graph or table.

For each number, multiply by 0.

Step-by-Step Solution

The function is:

$f(x)=x\times0$

Let's start by assuming that x equals 0:

$f(0)=0\times0=0$

Now let's assume that x equals 1:

$f(1)=1\times0=0$

Now let's assume that x equals -1:

$f(-1)=(-1)\times0=0$

Now let's assume that x equals 2:

$f(2)=2\times0=0$

Let's plot all the points on the function's graph:

We can see that the function we obtained is a constant function.