# Simplification and Expansion of Simple Fractions

🏆Practice reduce and expand simple fractions

## Simplification and Expansiono f Simple Fractions

### To amplify fractions

We will perform the same multiplication operation on the numerator and the denominator: the value of the fraction will be preserved.

You can expand as many times as you want and by any number.

### To simplify fractions:

We will perform the same division operation on the numerator and the denominator: the value of the fraction will be preserved.

This can only be done with a number that is completely divisible by both the numerator and the denominator.

It is possible to simplify only until reaching a fraction in which it is not possible to find a number that divides without remainder both in the numerator and the denominator.

## Test yourself on reduce and expand simple fractions!

Simplify the following fraction by a factor of 4:

$$\frac{4}{8}=$$

## Simplify and expand simple fractions

Simplifying and amplifying fractions is an easy and enjoyable topic that will accompany you in almost all exercises with fractions.

Simplifying and amplifying a fraction is actually a multiplication or division operation that is performed on the fraction so that the real value of the fraction does not change and simply looks different.

Expansion: a multiplication operation (which is performed on both the numerator and the denominator).

Simplification: a division operation (which is performed on both the numerator and the denominator).

### Expansion of Fractions

#### A daily example

Think of a pizza with $8$ slices: a normal family-sized pizza sold at pizzerias.

You call to place the order and ask the seller to put olives on half of the pizza.

You will receive $1 \over 2$ pizza with olives.

But, what if you told the seller, please put olives on $4$ triangles of the pizza?

Let's see:

Even then you would get half a pizza with olives.

That is to say: $4 \over 8$ -> four slices out of $8$ is equal to $1 \over 2$

Now let's see this in the exercise

We expand the fraction $1 \over 2$ by $4$
Solution:

We multiply by $2$ both in the numerator and the denominator and we get:

Note the sign that is usually used to expand.

If we multiply both the numerator and the denominator by the same number, the value of the fraction will not change and the fractions will be equal, exactly as in the pizza.

Important note: we can expand the fraction as many times as we want and by any number we want and still the value will not change!

For example, even if instead of being expanded by $4$ we would expand by $2$, we would get:

which is also equal to $4 \over 8$

#### More exercises of another type

Complete the missing number

$\frac{2}{8}=\frac{4}{□}$

Solution:

We see that $2$ in the numerator becomes $4$. That is, it is multiplied by $2$. Therefore, we also multiply the denominator $8$ by the number $2$ to reach the correct result.

After all, we learned that fractions will be equal only if we perform the operation on both the numerator and the denominator.

We obtain:

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### Now we move on to the simplification of fractions

Simplifying fractions is a division operation that is performed on both the numerator and the denominator and preserves the value of the fraction.

It is possible to simplify only by a number that is divisible without remainder in both the numerator and the denominator.

When can we not simplify a fraction?

When the numerator and the denominator are not completely divisible by the same number.

#### Exercise

Simplify the fraction $6 \over 12$ by $6$.
Solution:
We divide both the numerator and the denominator by $6$ and we get:
$\frac{1}{2}=\frac{6}{12}$

Extra section:

We simplify the fraction $6 \over 12$ by the number you choose (except for $6$)

Solution:

We must choose a number that divides both the numerator and the denominator without remainder.

We are asked: What number can you divide $6$ and $12$ by?
The answer can be: $2$ or $3$. For example
We choose: $3$ and simplify:
$\frac{2}{4}=\frac{1}{2}=\frac{6}{12}$

#### Another exercise

We simplify the fraction: $3 \over 5$

Solution:

This exercise has no solution. This fraction cannot be simplified further since there is no number that is divisible by $3$ and also by $5$ without a remainder.

#### Another exercise

Complete the missing number

$\frac{8}{10}=\frac{4}{□}$

Solution:
We see that $8$ in the numerator becomes $4$. That is, it is divided by $2$. Therefore, we also divide in the denominator $10$ by the number $2$ to arrive at the correct result since we learned that fractions will be equal only if we perform the operation both in the numerator and in the denominator.
We obtain:

Note: Expansion does not mean that the fraction gets bigger and simplification does not mean that the fraction gets smaller!

## Examples and exercises with solutions for simplifying and expanding simple fractions

### Exercise #1

Simplify the following fraction by a factor of 4:

$\frac{4}{8}=$

### Step-by-Step Solution

Let's simplify as follows, we'll divide both the numerator by 4 and the denominator by 4:

$\frac{4:4}{8:4}=\frac{1}{2}$

$\frac{1}{2}$

### Exercise #2

Simplify the following fraction by a factor of 1:

$\frac{3}{10}=$

### Step-by-Step Solution

We will reduce in the following way, divide the numerator by 1 and the denominator by 1:

$\frac{3:1}{10:1}=\frac{3}{10}$

$\frac{3}{10}$

### Exercise #3

Simplify the following fraction:

$\frac{2}{10}=$

### Step-by-Step Solution

Let's simplify as follows, we'll divide both the numerator by 2 and the denominator by 2:

$\frac{2:2}{10:2}=\frac{1}{5}$

$\frac{1}{5}$

### Exercise #4

Simplify the following fraction:

$\frac{4}{16}=$

### Step-by-Step Solution

We will reduce in the following way, divide the numerator by 4 and the denominator by 4:

$\frac{4:4}{16:4}=\frac{1}{4}$

$\frac{1}{4}$

### Exercise #5

Simplify the following fraction by a factor of 3:

$\frac{3}{6}=$

### Step-by-Step Solution

We will reduce as follows, divide the numerator by 3 and the denominator by 3:

$\frac{3:3}{6:3}=\frac{1}{2}$

$\frac{1}{2}$