# Equilateral triangle

🏆Practice types of triangles

## Definition of equilateral triangle

The equilateral triangle is a triangle that all its sides have the same length.

This also implies that all its angles are equal, that is, each angle measures $60°$ degrees (remember that the sum of the angles of a triangle is $180°$ degrees and, therefore, these $180°$ degrees are divided equally by the three angles).

## Test yourself on types of triangles!

What kid of triangle is given in the drawing?

Next, we will see some examples of equilateral triangles:

### Equilateral triangle

Examples of equilateral triangles

## Another name for the equilateral triangle

Recall that a regular polygon is a geometric figure that:

• Has all its sides equal
• Has all its angles equal

Therefore, the equilateral triangle is also known as the regular three-sided polygon.

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## Other characteristics of equilateral triangles

Recall that within a triangle there are what are called remarkable lines, which are the heights, medians, perpendicular bisectors and bisectors, these lines intersect at the so-called remarkable points (orthocenter, barycenter, circumcenter and incenter respectively).

• In an equilateral triangle, the remarkable lines coincide.
• In an equilateral triangle, the remarkable points coincide at the same point.

Recall that triangles can be classified according to the measure of their interior angles. Within this classification we find the acute triangles which are characterized by having all its acute angles (less than $90°$ degrees).

Since an equilateral triangle has all its interior angles equal to $60°$ degrees, it is also an acute triangle.

If you are interested in learning more about other triangle topics, you can enter one of the following articles:

On the Tutorela blog you will find a variety of articles about mathematics.

## Equilateral Triangle Exercise

### Exercise 1

Given the triangle $\triangle ACB$ equilateral

What is the value of angle $∢ACB$?

Solution:

Given the equilateral triangle $∆ ACB$

In an equilateral triangle all its angles are $60°$.

Therefore the angle $∢ACB$ is equal to $60°$

$60°$

Do you know what the answer is?

### Exercise 2

Given the equilateral triangle:

Homework:

What is the perimeter?

Solution:

Since we are given an equilateral triangle, we will multiply the given side by 3 and get the perimeter of the triangle.

$3\cdot 5=15$

Answer: $3\cdot 5=15$

### Exercise 3

Given the equilateral triangle:

The perimeter of the triangle is equal to $33 cm$. What is the value of $X$?

Solution:

Since we are given an equilateral triangle whose perimeter is $33 cm$, all we have to do is divide the circumference by 3 and we get the side measure $X$.

$33:3=11$

Answer: $11$

### Exercise 4

In the figure we are given an equilateral triangle.

The length of each side is equal to $7 cm$

For each side there is a semicircle.

What is the area of the whole figure? Replace a $\pi=3.14$

Solution:

$S=S1+3S_2$

When $S=$ the area of the whole figure

Area of the triangle $S_1=$

Area of the semicircle $S_2=$

In an equilateral triangle the height merges with the middle and so when $AD⊥BC$

$3.5=\frac{1}{2}\cdot7=DC=BD$

Right triangle: $∆\text{ADC}$

We perform pythagoras:

$AD²+DC²=AC²$

$AD²+3.5²=7²$

$AD²+DC²=AC²$

$AD²=\frac{7\sqrt{3}}{2}$

$S_1=\frac{AD\cdot BC}{2}=\frac{\frac{7\sqrt{3}}{2}\cdot7}{2}≈21.22\operatorname{cm}²$

$S_{2=}\frac{1}{2}(Diámetro del círculo=7 cm)=\frac{1}{2}(radio 3.5\operatorname{cm})$

$S_{2=}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot π\cdot 3.5²=\frac{1}{2}\cdot 3.14\cdot 3.5²$

$≈19.23$

$S=21.22+3\cdot 19.23=78.91$

Answer: $78.91$

## Ejemplos y ejercicios con soluciones de triángulo equilátero

### Exercise #1

What kid of triangle is given in the drawing?

### Step-by-Step Solution

The measure of angle C is 90°, therefore it is a right angle.

If one of the angles of the triangle is right, it is a right triangle.

Right triangle

### Exercise #2

What kind of triangle is given in the drawing?

### Step-by-Step Solution

As all the angles of a triangle are less than 90° and the sum of the angles of a triangle equals 180°:

$70+70+40=180$

The triangle is isosceles.

Isosceles triangle

### Exercise #3

What kid of triangle is the following

### Step-by-Step Solution

Given that in an obtuse triangle it is enough for one of the angles to be greater than 90°, and in the given triangle we have an angle C greater than 90°,

$C=107$

Furthermore, the sum of the angles of the given triangle is 180 degrees so it is indeed a triangle:

$107+34+39=180$

The triangle is obtuse.

Obtuse Triangle

### Exercise #4

What kind of triangle is given in the drawing?

### Step-by-Step Solution

Given that sides AB and AC are both equal to 9, which means that the legs of the triangle are equal and the base BC is equal to 5,

Therefore, the triangle is isosceles.

Isosceles triangle

### Exercise #5

Which kind of triangle is given in the drawing?

### Step-by-Step Solution

As we know that sides AB, BC, and CA are all equal to 6,

All are equal to each other and, therefore, the triangle is equilateral.

Equilateral triangle

## Questions on the subject

What is an equilateral triangle for children?

It is a geometric figure formed by three equal sides.

Why is the triangle equilateral?

Because its three sides have the same length.

What are the angles of an equilateral triangle?

In an equilateral triangle its interior angles are acute and these measure $60°$ degrees each.

What is an equilateral, isosceles and scalene triangle?

They are geometric figures with three sides, the first one is characterized by having all its sides equal, the second one by having two equal sides and the third one by not having any equal side.

What is another name for the equilateral triangle?

A regular three-sided polygon.

What are the types of triangles?

If the classification is made with respect to their sides we have three types of triangles: equilateral, isosceles and scalene.

If the classification is made with respect to their angles we also find three types of triangles: acute-angled, right-angled and obtuse-angled.

Do you think you will be able to solve it?
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