The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is $180º$. If we add the three angles of any triangle we choose, the result will always be $180º$. This means that if we know the values of two angles of a triangle we can always calculate, with ease, the value of the third one: first we add the two angles we know and then we subtract from $180º$ The result of this subtraction will give us the value of the third angle of the triangle.

For example, given a triangle with two known interior angles of $45º$ and $60º$ degrees, we are asked to discover the measure of the third angle. First we add $45º$ plus $60º$ resulting in $105º$ degrees. Now we subtract $105º$ from $180º$, yielding $75º$ degrees. In other words, the third angle of the triangle equals $75º$ degrees.

The above property is also called the triangle sum theorem, and can help us to solve problems involving the interior angles of a triangle, regardless of whether it is equilateral, isosceles or scalene.

Examples of different types of triangles and the sum of the interior angles in each

The angle beta is equal to $90°$. The adjacent angle is also equal to $90°$ since the sum is equal to $180°$ degrees. The adjacent angle gamma $120°$ and their sum is equal to $180°$, therefore, gamma is equal to $60°$ degrees.

$\alpha+\gamma+\delta=180°$

$\alpha+60°+90°=180°$

$\alpha+150°=180°$

$\alpha=180°-150°$

$\alpha=30°$

Answer

$30°$

Exercise 5

$CE$ is parallel to $AD$

What is the value of $X$ if it is given that $ABC$ is isosceles, such that $AB=BC$

Solution

Angles $\sphericalangle UCH$ and angle $\sphericalangle ACE$ are opposite angles.

$\text{AC}E=\text{ICH}=2X$

$\sphericalangle DAC$ and angle $\sphericalangle\text{AC}E$ are collateral angles.

$2x+\text{DAC}=180$

$\text{DAC}=180-2x$

$\sphericalangle FGA$ and angle $\sphericalangle DAB$ are opposite angles.